If your teeth don’t have “bite”, you need external help. In our orthodontic Richmond practice, we correct the posture of teeth and jaw with fixed and mobile braces.
The active ingredient of orthodontic therapy
The functioning of orthodontic therapy is soon said: the teeth are set in motion by exerting pressure and pulling forces on them. If a fixed or mobile appliance exerts constant pressure on the teeth, a so-called “pressure area” is created on that side. Here, so-called “osteoclasts” are activated, which stimulate bone resorption. On the opposite side an area of tension is created, where the “osteoblasts” intervene: unlike the destructive cells in the pressure area, these small “bricklayers” diligently increase the defective bone tissue.
The teeth owe their mobility to the so-called periodontal ligaments, which wrap the tooth in its supporting bed (periodontium). Their function is to cushion the pressure exerted during chewing and to protect the jawbone from damage due to impact.
The forces of the smile
Depending on what is most appropriate, your orthodontist will advise you or your children to adopt a multibracket appliance or individually tailored mobile appliance that works on the same principle. In the case of fixed braces, the orientation of the brackets, the attachments, takes place directly on the teeth, and then a thin metal cable, the arch, is attached to each of the attachments.
During orthodontic treatment, the dentist will make sure that as little pressure as possible is applied to the teeth to prevent damage to the dental roots. On the other hand, regeneration processes can only take place if there is constant and uniform pressure. This is why both fixed and mobile braces must be adjusted regularly.
Mobile device wearers should always take care to prune the device daily and for a sufficiently long time.
A retention arc guarantees successful therapy.
Like all bone structures, teeth also have a “memory”. They tend to return to their old position. This can be avoided with the help of braces or an orthodontic arch (retainer) applied to the incisors. So nothing can go wrong in the mouth!
How long can orthodontic treatment last?
Depending on the initial situation and methodology, orthodontic treatment can last up to two years.
What should patients pay attention to during orthodontic treatment?
Every orthodontic measure requires regular and thorough dental cleaning, as the margins of the brackets provide an ideal breeding ground for caries-causing bacteria. At the first signs, such as whitish decalcifications on the tooth surface, patients should contact their treating dentists as soon as possible. But don’t go that far! Our dental hygienists will gladly inform you about any effective cleaning tips and help you keep even hard-to-access areas clean.
What preventative measures should be taken when taking food by people with fixed braces?
Before they are taken, people with fixed dental braces should reduce the hardest and most tenacious foods to the correct size. If bitten, the brackets may quickly deteriorate or even come off. Sweets do not cause any structural damage to the machine, but with it, the danger of caries is higher. After meals, it is advisable to brush your teeth thoroughly, using interdental brushes and taking special care with the edges of the brackets.